What is Tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils and is the primary cause of sore throats. Your tonsils are a pair of small almond-shaped organs located on each side of your throat, behind and above the tongue. They function together with another set of organs called the adenoids. Although the adenoids are similar to the tonsils, they can be found in the upper portion of the throat behind the nose and cannot be seen. The tonsils and adenoids are seen as the first line of defense against respiratory infections that enter the body through the nose, mouth and throat. The inflammation of the tonsils may involve other areas of the back of the throat including the adenoids and the lingual tonsils (areas of tonsil tissue at the back of the tongue).
- The chief cause of tonsillitis is a toxic condition of the system, which is brought to a head by a sudden lowering of vitality, resulting from exposure and sudden chill.
- The tonsils enlarge and get inflamed when the toxins cannot be got rid of through the normal channels of elimination such as the bowels, kidneys, and skin.
- Viral infections, but in around one third of the cases, a bacterial infection may be the cause.
- Close contact with any individual suffering a tonsillar or pharyngeal infection
- A prolonged sore throat caused by an infection
Acute Tonsillitis Symptoms:
- A sudden onset of a throat infection or sore throat that is rather severe and rapidly worsens over time.
- Moderate to high fever.
- Painful to swallow any food or even your own saliva.
- Reddening of the tonsils and enlarged tonsils.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the area of the neck, just beneath the jaws, and they will also be tender to touch.
- Hoarseness of the voice or a loss of voice.
Sub-acute tonsillitis symptoms:
- Enlarged tonsils.
- Some accumulation of pus or a pasty and foul smelling infected material on the pits of the tonsils.
- A sore throat
- Bad breath.
- Swelling and tenderness of the lymph nodes.
Chronic tonsillitis symptoms:
- Enlarged tonsils that are slightly reddened and they will also appear scarred with large pits.
- Enlargement or swelling of the lymph nodes, but they will generally not have any tenderness.
- Frequent sore throat infections
Tonsillitis Prevention Tips:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with warm water and soap to prevent the spread of germs.
- Eat healthy, balanced meals that include all the food groups.
- Drink plenty of water to rid the body’s system of unwanted toxins and detox every once in a while.
- Cough and sneeze into a tissue to prevent germs from spreading.
- Do not share personal items such as toothbrushes, drinking glasses or eating utensils with others.
- Avoid smoking, as this increases the risk of developing tonsillitis, or stop smoking naturally if you are a smoker.
Tonsillitis Home Remedies:
- Lime: Lime is one of the most effective remedies in the treatment of acute tonsillitis. A fresh lime squeezed in a glass of warm water, with four teaspoons of honey and a quarter teaspoon of common salt, should be sipped slowly in such cases
- Milk: Milk has been found valuable in tonsillitis. A glass of pure boiled milk, mixed with a pinch uf turmeric powder and pepper powder, should be taken every night for three nights in the treatment of this condition. It will bring beneficial results
- Vegetable Juices: Juices of carrot, beet, and cucumber, taken individually or in combination, are especially beneficial. The formula proportion recommended, when used in combination is 300 ml of carrot juice, 100 ml of beet juice, and 100 ml of cucumber juice
- Fenugreek Seeds: A gargle made from fenugreek (methi) seeds is very effective in severe cases of tonsillitis. To make such a gargle, two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds should be allowed to simmer for half an hour in a litre of water and then set aside to cool. The entire quantity should be used the same day as a soothing gargle. It will have beneficial results
- Salt water: The best way to prevent tonsil stones is to gargle with salt water. This simple home remedy not only helps in removing the tonsil stones but it also prevents the growth of additional stones. This salt water gargle helps in cleaning out the crypts and food particles lodged inside, thereby arresting the development of new tonsil stones.
- Figs (Anjeer): A paste can be prepared from water and boiled figs and this paste can be applied externally on the throat area to provide a cooling and soothing effect.
- Alum (Phitkari): Purified alum can be used for gargling or powdered alum can be applied over the tonsils to reduce the inflammation.