What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, or spastic colon) is a symptom-based diagnosis characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits. As a functional bowel disorder, IBS has no known organic cause. Diarrhea or constipation may predominate, or they may alternate (classified as IBS-D, IBS-C or IBS-A, respectively). Historically a diagnosis of exclusion, a diagnosis of IBS can now be made on the basis of symptoms alone, in the absence of alarm features such as age of onset greater than 50 years, weight loss, gross hematochezia, systemic signs of infection or colitis, or family history of inflammatory bowel disease. Onset of IBS is more likely to occur after an infection (post-infectious, IBS-PI), a stressful life event, or onset of maturity.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Causes:
The cause of IBS is unknown, but several hypotheses have
The risk of developing IBS increases sixfold after acute gastrointestinal infection. -Post-infection, further risk factors are young age, prolonged fever, anxiety, and depression.
- Psychological factors may be important in the etiology of IBS.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms:
- Bloating, abdominal pain, and discomfort.
- Changes in bowel habit
- Cramping in lower abdomen
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Anxiety or Depression
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Prevention:
- Exercise regularly
- Do not take tension
- De-stress your life
- Do not take laxatives too often
- Avoid beverages like tea, coffee, carbonated drinks etc.
- Placing a hot water bottle or a heating pad on the abdomen can help ease IBS related abdominal pain.
- Avoid waking up for late hours and have adequate sleep at night.
- Eat small meals frequently instead of a large meal.
- Drink at least eight glasses of water every day
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Home Remedies:
- Peppermint (Pudina): Take peppermint oil in enteric-coated capsules. Alternatively, the leaves can also be chewed, or boiled with water.
- Herbs: Herbs like chamomile, valerian, rosemary and lemon balm are effective due to their antispasmodic properties.
- Ginger: Drink ginger tea or eat ginger raw to reduce inflammation.
- Indian Gooseberry (Amla): Eat indian gooseberry to control indigestion and hyperacidity.