What is Vertigo/ Dizziness?
Vertigo is a type of dizziness, where there is a feeling of motion when one is stationary. The symptoms are due to a dysfunction of the vestibular system in the inner ear. It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as difficulties standing or walking. There are three types of vertigo: Objective- subjects are moving around the patient; Subjective- patient feels as if moving himself; Pseudovertigo- intensive sensation of rotation inside the patient's head.
Vertigo/ Dizziness Causes:
- Reduction in the flow of blood, which occurs because of many different reasons. Health conditions such as diabetes and arteriosclerosis have been known to affect the flow of blood to the brain adversely, which in turn leads to vertigo.
- Migraines are also one of the causes of vertigo
- Sudden movement or changes in position
- Overdose or deficiency of oxygen
- Head or neck injuries
- Very high blood pressure or low blood pressure
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- Excessive exercise
- Fever and nfections
Vertigo/ Dizziness Symptoms:
- Sense of disorientation
- Abnormal movement in the eye
- Blurred vision and other vision problems
- Difficulties in speaking normally
- Hearing loss and ringing sensation
- Nausea and vomiting
- Perspiration or sweating
- Reduction in the levels of consciousness or complete loss of consciousness
- Walking problems
Vertigo/ Dizziness Prevention Tips:
- Sit or lie down immediately when you feel dizzy to avoid losing your balance or experiencing a fall.
- Do not drive or participate in hazardous activities such as operating any dangerous machinery, or climbing a step-ladder.
- Avoid substances such as caffeine, nicotine, salt and alcohol as they restrict blood flow and may worsen symptoms.
- Rise slowly from bed or spend a few minutes in bed before waking up this helps normalize blood pressure
- Avoid sudden head movements and position changes by standing or sitting up slowly.
- Seek medical attention if dizziness is unexplained and persistent.
- Practice Aerobic exercises
- Develop a regular sleep pattern
Vertigo/ Dizziness Home Remedies:
- Ginger: Taking ginger is one of the most effective ways of countering vertigo.
- Cold water: Drinking two or three glasses of cold water will help.
- Salty Foods: Sometimes, vertigo is caused by an imbalance of salt levels in the body or poor digestion. Treat your vertigo symptoms with salty potato chips, pretzels or a salty soup. Complete relief should come within a few hours.
- Focusing Technique: As you experience the onset of an attack, focus your eyes on a stationary object around you, like a building or bookcase. Keep focusing on that fixed point to deliver visual cues to the brain that help achieve balance and calm the dizziness.
- Pillows: When the sensations associated with vertigo emerge, lying down is sometimes the best solution. Avoid lying flat on your back, but instead, position yourself with your head propped up on pillows.